Banging

Because it's better than not banging at Hillary's headquarters.

Saturday, September 3, 2016

Analyzing the FBI Report

Funny that my last post was titled "What Booman Said," because today I really don't agree with him (which is pretty rare -- I find that my own thoughts jibe with his more often than with any other blogger/journalist I read regularly). But upon looking through a number of articles about the FBI report on Hillary Clinton's e-mails, he wrote the following:

Nothing in these pieces undermines the FBI’s judgment that Clinton was grossly irresponsible in handling classified information but still did nothing warranting prosecution. A fair person would conclude that this information collectively offers a case against her presidency, but that then has to be weighed against the case against Trump’s presidency, which is rock solid and unassailable.
Asking the American public to trust one of these candidates is a piece of effrontery, frankly, and I won’t attempt it.
This post is a long one, but bear with me...
It doesn't sound like Booman read the actual report, but I did. And so did Kevin Drum.
I'll leave most the biggest points to Kevin, but I wanted to address Booman's statement that "Nothing in these pieces undermines the FBI's judgment that Clinton was grossly irresponsible in handling classified information." That's just untrue. For one thing, it was only James Comey himself that made that statement, and it seems to me after reading the FBI's report and the notes from the interview the FBI conducted with Hillary that he was wrong. I initially thought that if he said she was, in his words, "extremely careless," she must have been. But after reading this, I don't think so. But apparently many do. For instance, Vice put out an article yesterday with the headline, "Hillary Clinton Told the FBI She Didn't Think Drone Strike Plans Were Classified." If you just read the headline, heck yeah, that sounds like Hillary is an idiot.

But, once again, I actually read the text, and I'm pretty sure it's not fair to say that she didn't think drone strikes were classified... Page 9 of the FBI interview notes with her (it's near the end of the whole PDF; there are multiple documents in it), it says, "[REDACTED] CLINTON believed information should be classified in the case of covert military action, the use of sensitive sources and where sensitive deliberations took place. When asked whether CLINTON believed information should be classified if its unauthorized release would cause damage to national security, she responded, "yes, that is the understanding." CLINTON believed the classification level of future drone strikes depended on the context. CLINTON believed drone strikes to be an "important tool" but also a program frequently in the press [REDACTED]."


I pretty clearly read that to mean that Clinton believed that if information about drone strikes was already available to the public via the press, it wasn't classified. If it wasn't already public knowledge, it was classified.

OK, I said I wasn't going to do this, but I guess I am. Here's my (essentially) page-by-page analysis of the first quarter of this beast. My thoughts in bold.

Page 1-2:


The FBI' s investigation focused on determining whether classified information was transmitted or stored on unclassified systems in violation of federal criminal statutes and whether classified information was compromised by unauthorized individuals, to include foreign governments or intelligence services, via cyber intrusion or other means.

SPOILER ALERT: The short answers to those two questions: "No," and "No."

Page 2:

In response to FBI requests for classification determinations in support of this investigation, US Intelligence Community (USIC) agencies determined that 81 e-mail chains, which FBI investigation determined were transmitted and stored on Clinton's UNCLASSIFIED personal server systems, contained classified information ranging from the CONFIDENTIAL to TOP SECRET/SPECIAL ACCESS PROGRAM levels at the time they were sent between 2009-2013. USIC agencies determined that 68 of these e-mail chains remain classified.

OK, so that's the baseline for the investigation... 81 e-mail threads out of probably tens of thousands over four years.

In addition, the classification determination process administered by the US Department of State (State) in connection with Freedom of lnformation Act (FOIA) litigation identified approximately 2,000 additional e-mails currently classified CONFIDENTIAL and I e-mail currently classified SECRET, which FBI investigation determined were transmitted and stored on at least two of Clinton' s personal server systems.

The "currently classified" makes this part irrelevant to the criminal aspect of this, because that's something that shifts, and Clinton and her staff could not be held responsible for sending something that wasn't considered classified at the time. But if you want to get her on negligence, maybe there's something here.

Page 2:

1. Clinton's Personal E-Mail Server Systems
A.  Initial E-mail Server: June 2008 - March 2009
In or around 2007, Justin Cooper, at the time an aide to former President William Jefferson Clinton (President Clinton), purchased an Apple OS X server (Apple Server) for the sole purpose of hosting e-mail services for President Clinton' s staff.

Just a point of amusement -- Justin Cooper brings to mind Mike Maronna's revival of his E-Trade intern character for the classic "Clinton's Last Days in Office" video (at about the 3:50 mark).



Clinton: "Show me e-mail!"

Intern: "Let's light this candle!"



Anyway...

Due to concern over ensuring e-mail reliability and a desire to segregate e-mail for President Clinton's various post­presidency endeavors, President Clinton's aides decided to maintain physical control of the Apple Server in the Clinton residence in Chappaqua, New York (Chappaqua residence). According to Cooper, in or around June 2008, a representative from Apple installed the Apple Server in the basement of the Chappaqua residence. The FBI was unable to obtain records from Cooper or Apple to verify the installation. At the time, Cooper was the only individual with administrative access to the Apple Server; however, the Clinton family and their Chappaqua residence staff had physical access to the Apple Server. The Apple Server initially hosted the
domains presidentclinton.com and wjcoffice.com, which were used by President Clinton's
staff

This started with Bill Clinton's team putting in their own e-mail server at their Westchester residence. I've heard people say things like, "Well, 99.9% of people do not have servers in their houses. What does this say about the Clintons that they did?" To me, that says that they had an office in their house and a staff working out of that office. 99.9% of people don't have that in their homes, either, but past Presidents do. One of the reasons I'm latching onto this story is because I personally spent several years as the "Justin Cooper" of a few small offices and also administered the e-mail in my bosses' homes. There's little here I didn't experience; in fact, this is kind of a walk down memory lane for me (I haven't been a techie in more than a decade).
Page 3:
Prior to January 21, 2009, when she was sworn in as the US Secretary of State, Clinton used a personally-acquired BlackBerry device with service initially from Cingular Wireless and later AT&T Wireless, to access her e-mail accounts. Clinton initially used the e-mail addresses hrl5@mycingular.blackberry.net and then changed tohrl5@att.blackberry.net. According to Cooper, in January 2009, Clinton decided to stop using her hrl5@att.blackberry.net e-mail address and instead began using a new private domain, clintonemail.com, to host e-mail service on the Apple Server. Clinton stated to the FBI that she directed aides, in or around January 2009, to create the clintonemail.com account, and as a matter of convenience her clintonemail.com account was moved to an e-mail system maintained by President Clinton's aides. While Cooper could not specifically recall registering the domain, Cooper was listed as the point of contact for clintonemail.com when the domain was registered with a domain registration services company, Network Solutions, on January 13, 2009. Clinton used her att.blackberry.net e-mail account as her primary e-mail address until approximately mid-to-late January 2009 when she transitioned to her newly created hdr22@clintonemail.com account.
 I've personally maintained a similar system for years for my convenience and because it's kinda cool to have e-mail coming from a domain with my name on it rather than GMail or, in my case, Verizon.
The FBI did not recover any information indicating that Clinton sent an e-mail from her hrl5@att.blackberry.net e-mail after March 18, 2009.
The point of saying this is the FBI didn't have to look at that account because she stopped using it pretty early in her tenure at State.
B. Second E-mail Server: March 2009-June 2013
The meat of the real issue, if there is one -- the server used during Hillary's tenure as Secretary of State.
According to Cooper, in or around January 2009 the decision was made to move to another server because the Apple Server was antiquated and users were experiencing problems with e-mail delivery on their BlackBerry devices. At the recommendation of Huma Abedin, Clinton's long-time aide and later Deputy Chief of Staff at State, in or around fall 2008, Cooper contacted Bryan Pagliano, who worked on Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign as an information technology specialist, to build the new server system and to assist Cooper with the administration of the new server system. Pagliano was in the process of liquidating the computer equipment from Clinton's presidential campaign when Cooper contacted Pagliano about using some of the campaign's computer equipment to replace the existing Apple Server at Clinton's Chappaqua residence. 
The server they put in a few years before was obsolete, so they found a professional who could put in a better one.
Pagliano was unaware the server would be used by Clinton at the time he was building the server system; rather, he believed the server would be used by President Clinton's staff. Clinton told the FBI that at some point she became aware there was a server in the basement of her Chappaqua residence. However, she was unaware of the transition from the Apple Server managed by Cooper to another server built by Pagliano and therefore, was not involved in the transition decision.
A 60 year old in 2009 didn't know exactly how her e-mail worked and only vaguely knew where her e-mail was served from. Not surprising.
Page 4:
Between the fall of 2008 and January 2009, Pagliano requisitioned the original hardware for the second e-mail server from Clinton's presidential campaign headquarters in Arlington, VA In addition to hardware acquired from Clinton's presidential campaign, Pagliano and Cooper purchased additional necessary equipment through commercial vendors. In March 2009, after Pagliano had acquired all of the server equipment and installed the necessary software, he and Cooper met at Clinton's Chappaqua residence to physically install the server and related equipment in a server rack in the Clintons' basement.
The techies figured things out themselves using some equipment the Clintons already had and some they had to buy.
Once the new server system was physically installed and powered on, Pagliano began migrating the e-mail data from the Apple Server to the Pagliano-administered server system (Pagliano Server). Pagliano believed he "popped out" all of the e-mail from the Apple Server and that no e-mail content should have remained on the Apple Server once the migration took place. Pagliano stated to the FBI that he transferred clintonemail.com e-mail accounts for Abedin and [REDACTED] from the Apple server and said he was unaware of and did not transfer an e-mail account for Clinton. However, Cooper stated to the FBI that he believed Clinton had a clintonemail.com e-mail account on the Apple Server, and that Abedin did not have a clintonemail.com account on the Apple Server. As the FBI was unable to obtain the original Apple Server for a forensic review for reasons explained below, the FBI cannot determine which clintonemail.com e-mail accounts were hosted on, and transferred from, the Apple Server to the Pagliano Server.
The techie who worked for the Clintons for a longer period remembered more detail about this than the one who didn't stay long [per page 5, Pagliano left in 2013]. One thinks Hillary had an account on the first server, one seemed to think it was started on the second server. 
After the e-mail account migration was completed, Cooper changed the Mail Exchange (MX) recordl to ensure that delivery of all subsequent e-mail to or from e-mail addresses on the presidentclinton.com and clintonemail.com domains would be directed toward the new Pagliano Server instead of the Apple Server. The Pagliano Server was only used for e­mail management, and the FBI' s review of the oldest available backup image of this server, dated June 24, 2013, did not indicate that any e-mail users' files were stored on the Pagliano Server.

This seems to mean that this server wasn't used as a file server. I think the only importance of this detail is that the FBI only had to look at e-mails and not files.
Page 4-5:
In March 2009, following the e-mail migration from the Apple Server to the Pagliano Server the Apple Server was repurposed to serve as a personal computer for household staff. [REDACTED] at Clinton's Chappaqua residence, subsequently used the Apple server equipment as a workstation. In 2014, the data on the Apple computer was transferred to an Apple iMac computer, and the hard drive of the old Apple computer, which previously served as the Apple Server was discarded.
In other words, as stated above, that the original server wasn't very powerful (i.e. it was an iMac and it wasn't really built to be a server) and became a hand-me-down. Standard small office stuff.
Page 5:
On October 14, 2015, Williams & Connolly LLP (Williams & Connolly), counsel for Clinton, confirmed to the Department of Justice (DOJ) that a review of the iMac was conducted, pursuant to a request by DOJ, and no e­mails were found belonging to Clinton from the period of her tenure as Secretary of State.
She's in the clear there. There were no State e-mails on a computer given to someone else.
Pagliano and Cooper both had administrative accounts on the Pagliano Server. At Cooper's direction, Pagliano handled all software upgrades and general maintenance. Cooper described his role as "the customer service face," and he could add users or reset passwords on the e-mail server. Cooper and Pagliano both handled the acquisition and purchase of server­related items. For example, in March 2009, Cooper registered a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)1 encryption certificate at Pagliano' s direction for added security when users accessed their e-mail from various computers and devices. Clinton stated she had no knowledge of the hardware, software, or security protocols used to construct and operate the servers. When she experienced technical  issues with her e-mail account she contacted Cooper for assistance in resolving those issues.
The techies were trusted to do their jobs, and they did it, in this case making the server more secure.
Pagliano stated that a complete backup of the Pagliano Server was made on a Seagate external hard drive once a week and a differential backup was completed every day, and this continued from the initial Pagliano Server installation in March 2009 until June 2011 when the external hard drive was replaced. As space on the hard drive ran out, backups were deleted on a "first in, first out" basis.
They backed up the data to an external drive on a regular basis, but didn't save the older backups because they took up space and a single drive only holds so much. They did "differential backups," which means that by deleting the old backups they weren't actually deleting e-mails or files, they were just deleting backups that only had older files and replacing them with backups that had the old plus the new.
In June 2011, Pagliano replaced the Seagate external hard drive with a Cisco Network Attached Storage (NAS) device, to store backups of the server.
They brought in a better backup solution.
The FBI was unable to forensically determine how frequently the NAS captured backups of the Pagliano Server.
According to Pagliano, in early 2013, due to user limitations and reliability concerns regarding the Pagliano Server, staff for Clinton and President Clinton discussed future e-mail server options, and a search was initiated to find a vendor to manage a Clinton e-mail server. Additionally, Pagliano' s expressed desire to seek new employment contributed to the decision to move to a new server. A search for the new vendor was facilitated with the assistance of [REDACTED]Infograte, an information technology company. [REDACTED] was introduced to Clinton's Chief of Staff, Cheryl Mills, on or around January 2, 2013 through a mutual business associate. [REDACTED] stated that she worked with Mills and Pagliano to produce a request for proposal which was used to solicit responses from multiple firms, including Denver-based information technology firm Platte River Networks (PRN). Clinton recalled that the transition to the PRN Server was initiated by President Clinton' s aides seeking a higher level of service than could be provided by the Pagliano Server. Pagliano identified President Clinton's [REDACTED] as making the final decision to select PRN. In the spring of 2013, PRN negotiated the terms of the contract to host e-mail services and eventually signed a Service Level Agreement on July 18, 2013.
The techie who ran the server was leaving, and the Clintons needed more capacity (presumably because Hillary was going to be starting up her presidential campaign), so they found a new vendor. At this point, the details become less pertinent unless it seems like there was a real cover up; Hillary was no longer working for the government.
Page 6:
C. Third E-mail Server: June 2013-October 2013
Following the selection of PRN to manage the Clintons' personal e-mail server and accounts, PRN' s management assigned two PRN employees to handle the primary installation and administration of the third server system (PRN Server).During the transition to the PRN Server, [REDACTED] advised  he worked with Pagliano to understand the existing architecture of the Pagliano Server. As part of this transition process, on or around June 4, 2013 [REDACTED] was granted administrator access to the Pagliano server as well as any accompanying services, such as the domain registration services through Network Solutions.
New techie, meet the old techie.
On June 23, 2013 [REDACTED] traveled to Clinton's Chappaqua residence, where he powered down the Pagliano Server and transported it to a datacenter in Secaucus, New Jersey, run by Equinix, Inc. (Equinix).The PRN Server remained at the Equinix facility until it was voluntarily produced to the FBI on October 3, 2015.
The server equipment was transferred to a server farm, which signified a professionalization of the operation. A server farm usually provides better reliability and security.
[SNIP]
Page 7:
At the Clintons' request, PRN only intended that the backup device store local copies of the backups. However, in August 2015, Datto informed PRN that, due to a technical oversight, the PRN Server was also backing up the server to Datto' s secure cloud storage. After this notification, PRN instructed Datto to discontinue the secure cloud backups.
The Clintons didn't want their info in the cloud (it's questionable whether this is more or less secure, but it feels less secure to some -- including me). Their backup company didn't listen and backed it up to the cloud anyway, and the server host had to tell them to stop.
According to the FBI's  forensic analysis of the server system, on December 3, 2013, Microsoft Exchange was uninstalled on the Pagliano Server.The Pagliano Server remained in the same server cage at the Equinix datacenter in Secaucus, New Jersey, and a forensic review of the server, which was obtained in August 2015 via consent provided by Clinton through Williams & Connolly, indicated that it continued to be powered on and off multiple times before the FBI obtained it. At the time of the FBI's acquisition of the Pagliano Server, Williams & Connolly did not advise the US Government (USG) of the existence of the additional equipment associated with the Pagliano Server, or that Clinton's clintonemail.com e-mails had been migrated to the successor PRN Server remaining at Equinix. The FBI's subsequent investigation identified this additional equipment and revealed the e-mail migration. As a result, on October 3, 2015, the FBI obtained, via consent provided by Clinton through Williams & Connolly, both the remaining Pagliano Server equipment and the PRN Server, which had remained operational and was hosting Clinton's personal e-mail account until it was disconnected and produced to the FBI.
Clinton's lawyers didn't know the ins-and-outs of the servers and initially gave the FBI the old server. When the FBI realized that, they asked Clinton's lawyers for the new server, which the lawyers then handed over.
Page 8:
Investigation determined that Clinton and Abedin began using new e-mail accounts on the domain hrcoffice.com in 2014. [REDACTED]  Abedin stated the clintonemail.com system was "going away" and, following the initiation of the new domain Abedin did not have access to her clintonemail.com. [REDACTED] This is consistent with representations made by Williams Connolly, which stated in a February 22, 2016 letter: "Secretary Clinton did not transfer her clintonemail.com e-mails for the time period January 21, 2009 through February 1, 2013 to her hrcoffice.com account ... " The investigation found no evidence Clinton's hrcoffice.com account contained or contains potentially classified information or e-mails from her tenure as Secretary of State. The FBI has, therefore, not requested or obtained equipment associated with Clinton's hrcoffice.com account.
Hillary moved away from her personal e-mail (which really wasn't persona by this point; it was professional, just not governmental) as she ramped up her campaign. This new account had nothing to do with the old one which had been used partially for State business. So this is where any connection to government records ends.
D. Mobile Devices Associated with Clinton's E-mail Server Systems
Clinton stated she used a personal e-mail address and personal BlackBerry for both personal and official business and this decision was made out of convenience. Abedin recalled that at the start of Clinton' s tenure, State advised personal e-mail accounts could not be linked to State mobile devices and, as a result Clinton decided to use a personal device in order to avoid carrying multiple devices.
As Hillary has said, she couldn't use her personal e-mail on the State phone, so she put State e-mail on the Blackberry she already had.
Cooper stated that he was aware of Clinton using a second mobile phone number. Cooper indicated Clinton usually carried a flip phone along with her BlackBerry because it was more comfortable for communication and Clinton was able to use her BlackBerry while talking on the flip phone.Clinton believed 212 [REDACTED] was her primary BlackBerry phone number, and she did not recall using a flip phone during her tenure at State, only during her service in the Senate. Abedin and Mills advised they were unaware of Clinton ever using a cellular phone other than the BlackBerry.
Early on (pre-2009), Clinton used a phone for talking and a Blackberry for e-mail. Some people used to do that. Abedin and Mills didn't remember that, but Cooper (whose job it was to know the story with e-mails and phones) did.
FBI investigation identified 13 total mobile devices, associated with her two known phone numbers, 212 [REDACTED] and 212 [REDACTED] which potentially were used to send e-mails using Clinton's clintonemail.com e-mail addresses. Investigation determined Clinton used in succession 11 e-mail capable Blackberry mobile devices associated with 212 [REDACTED], eight of which she used during her tenure as Secretary of State. Investigation identified two e-mail capable mobile devices associated with 212 [REDACTED[ after her tenure.
Hillary used 13 mobile devices with two numbers over what appears to be a seven year period. It seems that one was the flip phone, which she only had for a month or two at the beginning of that period. She went from Blackberry to Blackberry at a rate of about two a year, including devices that she used temporarily while her usual one was out of commission.
Page 8-9:
On February 9, 2016, DOJ requested all 13 mobile devices from Williams & Connolly.136 Williams & Connolly replied on February 22, 2016 that they were unable to locate any of these devices.137 As a result, the FBI was unable to acquire or forensically examine any of these 13 mobile devices.
Sure seems like she's hiding something, right? She couldn't turn over her old phones to the FBI. But then think, how many of your old phones do you have around? In 19 years of having mobile phones, I've probably gone through at least 30 of them, including replacements. Most were pretty much, if not completely fried, by the time I was done with them. I think I still have one in a suitcase somewhere. Other than that, they're all gone. Additionally, unless you're expecting to have a phone subpoenaed, isn't destroying an old phone the most secure solution?
Page 9:
On October 16, 2015, Williams & Connolly provided two other BlackBerry devices to the FBI and indicated the devices might contain or have previously contained e-mails from Clinton's personal e-mail account during her tenure as Secretary of State. FBI forensic analysis found no evidence to indicate either of the devices provided by Williams & Connolly were connected to one of Clinton' s personal servers or contained e-mails from her personal accounts during her tenure.
After some digging, the lawyers found two of the old Blackberries. Unsurprisingly, they had not had the clintonemail.com e-mail account used on them because they were probably the most recent ones, and Hillary had already been done with that account for a couple of years at that point.
The FBI identified five iPad devices associated with Clinton which potentially were used to send e-mails from Clinton's clintonemail.com e-mail addresses.The FBI obtained three of the iPads. One iPad contained three e-mails from 2012 in the hdr22@clintonemail.com "drafts" folder. The FBI assessed the three e-mails did not contain potentially classified information. The FBI did not recover e-mails from Clinton's personal e­mail accounts from either of the other two iPads in its possession.
Hillary turned over three of the five iPads that she'd had over the seven years or so in question. Once again, the ones remaining on hand were probably the newest, so there wasn't much in the way of the old e-mail account on them.
Monica Hanley, a former Clinton aide, often purchased replacement BlackBerry devices for Clinton during her tenure at State. Hanley recalled purchasing most of the BlackBerry devices for Clinton from AT&T stores located in the Washington, D.C. area. Whenever Clinton acquired new mobile devices, Cooper was responsible for setting up the new devices and syncing them to the server.
Back to the E-Trade guy helping the boss with new toys.
Abedin and Hanley also assisted Clinton with setting up any new devices. According to Abedin, it was not uncommon for Clinton to use a new BlackBerry for a few days and then immediately switch it out for an older version with which she was more familiar.
Yup. Explaining why she'd go through more than one Blackberry a year; she'd get a new one and decide it was too complicated for her. Sounds like every older boss I've ever had. Dang newfangled devices. "When I was your age..."
Clinton stated that when her BlackBerry device malfunctioned, her aides would assist her in obtaining a new BlackBerry, and, after moving to a new device, her old SIM cards were disposed of by her aides. Cooper advised he sometimes assisted users, including Clinton, when they obtained a new mobile device by helping them back up the data from the old device before transferring it to the new device and syncing the new device with Clinton's server. Abedin and Hanley indicated the whereabouts of Clinton's devices would frequently become unknown once she transitioned to a new device. Cooper did recall two instances where he destroyed Clinton's old mobile devices by breaking them in half or hitting them with a hammer.
TECHIE SMASH! Boy, did I love doing that back in the day. I once created a whole collage of old phone parts on the wall of my office.
Page 9-10:
2. Clinton's Handling of E-mail and Classified Information
A. Clinton's Decision To Use Personal E-mail and Server Systems
FBI investigation determined the State Executive Secretariat's Office of Information Resource Management (S/ES-IRM) offered Clinton a State e-mail address at the start of her tenure, however, Clinton's staff declined the offer. According to [REDACTED] State S/ES-IRM, Clinton was offered a State e-mail address, but instead decided to use the server from her 2008 presidential campaign.
SNIP
The OIG stated it found "no evidence" that Clinton sought approval to conduct State business via her personal e-mail account or private servers, despite her obligation to do so. Clinton told the FBI that she did not explicitly request permission from State to use a private server or e-mail address. According to the State OIG report, State employees alleged that John Bentel, then-Director of S/ES-IRM, discouraged employees from raising concerns about Clinton' s use of personal e-mail.  When interviewed by the FBI, Bentel denied that State employees raised concerns about Clinton's e-mail to him, that he discouraged employees from discussing it, or that he was aware during Clinton's tenure that she was using a personal e-mail account or server to conduct official State business. [FOOTNOTE: According to the State OIG report, two State information management staff members approached the Director of the S/ES­IRM in 2010 with concerns they had about Clinton's use of a personal e-mail account and compliance with federal records requirements. According to one staff member, the Director stated that Clinton's personal system had been reviewed and approved by State legal staff. The Director allegedly told both staff members never to discuss Clinton's personal e-mail system again. OIG found no evidence that State legal staff reviewed or approved Clinton's personal e-mail system.]
Here ya go. She shouldn't have used private servers. But was this enough of a big deal/abnormal enough at State that anyone made noise? The guy in charge of the department that would've known if it was something he particularly should've cared about said he never heard about it in four years. The FBI apparently took his word, because they didn't directly speak to the employees that told the State OIG they'd brought it up and were silenced. So either they thought he was credible or they're covering something up. Given that they dug pretty deep, I'm inclined to think the former. YMMV.
Page 10:
The FBI investigation determined some Clinton aides and senior-level State employees were aware Clinton used a personal e-mail address for State business during her tenure. Clinton told the FBI it was common knowledge at State that she had a private e-mail address because it was displayed to anyone with whom she exchanged e-mails. However, some State employees interviewed by the FBI explained that e-mails from Clinton only contained the letter "H" in the sender field and did not display her e-mail address.The majority of the State employees interviewed by the FBI who were in e-mail contact with Clinton indicated they had no knowledge of the private server in her Chappaqua residence. Clinton's immediate aides, to include Mills, Abedin, Jacob Sullivan, and [REDACTED] told the FBI they were unaware of the existence of the private server until after Clinton's tenure at State or when it became public knowledge.

Some people at State and in Hillary's office noticed that she was using a personal address; others didn't. Almost no one thought about where the server was located, because that's not something most non-techies think about or care about.
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There's more like this in the rest of the document. There are no crimes, and not much in the way of serious negligence. It's a tale of someone with her own resources using them to sidestep restrictions brought on by the kind of sclerotic bureaucracy against which Republicans have spent a century railing... someone who decided she wanted to communicate using technology from relatively close to 2009 (hey, Blackberries were no longer de rigeur for most Americans) rather than 1995. Was it the right thing to do? Probably not. Is it something anyone would care about if her last name weren't "Clinton?" I truly doubt it.

Remember, this all came about because of the Republican Screaming Meemees howling about something something Benghazi. Just like with all the crap from the '90s that pushed and pushed and pushed and just found Lewinsky, Hillary was totally cleared and vindicated about Benghazi, only to have the investigation turn up something very minor that is blown way out of proportion. In essence, "E-mailgate" is Hillary's blowjob.

81 e-mail threads. 81 e-mail threads that no one outside of Clinton's inner circle would have ever seen if not for the Benghazi investigation is what this has come down to. Not, as the increasingly creepier Rudy G. says -- "revealing or making available to our enemies thousands and thousands of top secret documents." The only one who wants to do that is his own candidate.

Buck up, Booman. Hillary is just fine and as I've predicted since 2013, she will be our next President. I'm not staying awake at night thinking about the alternative. Despite the polls tightening, which I attribute mostly to regression to the center during a time where most of the American populace is apathetic about politics because of the absence of debates, conventions, or heavy ad campaigns, it ain't gonna be close and no amount of e-mails dumped will change that.

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